Female genital mutilation (FGM) is a secret crime and difficult to detect, and to date, the actual prevalence of FGM in Australia has been unknown. There is no central reporting in Australia of data about FGM where it is detected within medical or community settings.
Elsewhere in the world, studies have shown that migrants from countries where FGM is prevalent continue the practice once settled in new countries. Girls born to mothers who are survivors of FGM are at extremely high risk of being subjected to FGM.
No FGM Australia recognise that not all mothers who have had FGM themselves will continue the practice once they reach Australia. However, statistics indicate daughters of women who have survived FGM are at elevated risk.
No FGM Australia has commissioned a report to identify the number of women and girls living in Australia who are likely to be either survivors of FGM or at risk of FGM. Additionally, using Australian birth statistics, No FGM Australia has estimated how many girls are born to women who are likely to be FGM survivors.
This report uses the best data available and makes estimates based on this data. Nothing will replace actual data, but until this information is available, this report gives an indication of the scope of the problem in Australia in 2014.
- Stats are taken from 2011 Australian Bureau of Statistics showing how many women and girls from each of the countries where all types of FGM are known to be prevalent
- UNICEF figures showing the prevalence of all types of FGM in most of the countries where all types of FGM are known to be prevalent have been applied to reach a number of women and girls who are likely to be survivors of or at risk of FGM in Australia. 
- The prevalence of FGM in Indonesia was taken from a research report published by the Population Council and with support from the Ministry for Women’s Empowerment under USAID funding.
- Australian birth figures from the Australian Bureau of Statistics by age group for women within child-bearing age (15 – 49) have been applied to the figures above to estimate how many girls will be born in Australia every day to women who are likely to be survivors of FGM.
 UNICEF REPORT:http://www.unicef.org/media/files/FGCM_Lo_res.pdf